Intensified Nanocatalyst Design for Hydrogen Synthesis


Prof. Dr. Ir. Yogi Wibisono Budhi, S.T., M.T., I.P.M.

2021 - 2023


Indonesia’s vast natural gas reserves in the East Natuna Islands amount to an impressive 46 TSCF. However, a significant hurdle exists in the form of exceptionally high CO2 content, reaching a staggering 70%-v, which complicates the implementation of natural gas processing technologies. Overcoming this challenge requires addressing issues related to the potential formation of carbon deposits that could clog the active catalyst sites and disrupt gas flow within the reactor. Such complications can have adverse effects on hydrogen productivity and reactor operations. This research delves into the development of nanocatalysts within two dedicated reactor units, each aligned with the thematic field of nanotechnology.

Research Objectives

1. Reactor One – Dry Reforming for Hydrogen Production

The first reactor is purposefully designed to convert high CO2-content natural gas from Natuna through a dry reforming process, ultimately producing hydrogen using nickel-based nanocatalysts. This innovative approach seeks to address the issue of high CO2 content, which is notorious for hindering traditional processing methods.

2. Reactor Two – Enhancing Hydrogen Productivity through Water Gas Shift Reaction

The second reactor aims to boost hydrogen productivity by utilizing copper-based nanocatalysts in a water gas shift reaction. The objective here is to shift the equilibrium of the gas-phase reaction towards increased hydrogen production. Additionally, to facilitate this process, hydrogen will be separated using palladium-based membranes.

Creative Nanocatalyst Design

This research places a strong emphasis on developing creative and innovative nanocatalyst structures to tackle the catalytic challenges in both dry reforming and water gas shift reactions, as well as addressing hydrogen separation concerns. Nanocatalysts represent a unique class of catalysts composed of nanoparticle materials engineered at the nanometer scale (1–100 nm).

Why Hydrogen?

Hydrogen is anticipated to play a pivotal role in the transition to cleaner energy and holds significant importance in the global energy system’s decarbonization. There are four compelling reasons for its prominence:

1. Minimal Direct CO2 Emissions

Hydrogen is known for its ability to produce energy without direct CO2 emissions, making it a promising choice for sustainable energy solutions.

2. High Energy Density

With an energy density of approximately 120 MJ/kg (2.5 times higher than natural gas), hydrogen offers an efficient means of energy storage and utilization.

3. Abundance and Versatility

Hydrogen is one of the most abundant elements in nature, though it is not readily available in its free form. Its versatility makes it suitable for various energy applications.

4. Storage Potential

Given the fluctuating nature of renewable energy sources like solar and wind, hydrogen’s capacity to serve as an effective, uninterrupted energy storage solution is a significant advantage. Converting renewable energy into hydrogen through electrolysis allows for extended storage and stabilizes energy networks.

More Information

How to Apply

1. Proposal Preparation and Submission

Baca panduan, pilih focus area, tuliskan rumusan masalah riset-mu, isi form aplikasi dan kirim

90 Days

Recruit Reviewers
Recruit Reviewers
Recruit Reviewers

2. Proposal Preparation and Submission

Proposal yang telah kamu kirim akan dikaji oleh kurang lebih tiga peers sebelum diputuskan oleh scientific panel

90 Days

Recruit Reviewers
Online Review
Scientific Panel Review
Funding Decision

3. Proposal Preparation and Submission

Setelah keputusan sudah dibuat, kamu akan mendapatkan email pemberitahuan yang akan memintamu untuk memeriksa status aplikasi yang telah kamu kirim

30 Days

Offer Letter
Awward Announced

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2021 - 2023


Afriyanti Sumboja, PhD.